Regulatory Ramblings

The War on Dirty Money: Demystifying Money Laundering

April 19, 2023 Reg/Tech Lab - HKU FinTech - HKU-SCF FinTech Academy - Asia Global Institute Season 1 Episode 18
Regulatory Ramblings
The War on Dirty Money: Demystifying Money Laundering
Show Notes Chapter Markers

Central to the United Nations' definition of money laundering is the idea that wherever crime exists, there’s always dirty money. Money laundering is, therefore, the process of handling that dirty money whether from crime or egregious breaches of regulations. It's a definition that Nicholas Gilmour and Tristram Hicks, authors of the new book “The War on Dirty Money, wholeheartedly agree with. They argue that money laundering is not a victimless crime because such funds are often used to finance myriad criminal enterprises.

They chat with “Regulatory Ramblings” host Ajay Shamdasani about how financial investigations must take centre-stage before any meaningful criminal justice reform can occur. The authors stress that money laundering is not a series of stages and modalities, because at the most basic level – it is merely the transmission of value. While such transfers are commonly concealed with multiple layers of obfuscation, fundamentally, either a purchase is being made or some other transaction is taking place.

Nicholas Gilmour is a consultant to governments and international organizations in the fight against financial crime.

Tristram Hicks is a former New Scotland Yard detective superintendent and international criminal justice adviser on the operational effectiveness of anti-money laundering (AML) regimes.

HKU FinTech is the leading fintech research and education in Asia. Learn more at

Sophistication of Money Laundering - Legal Powers by Law Enforcement
Overcomplicating the Term ‘Money Laundering’
Trade-based Money Laundering
Role of the Data Scientist
Typology/Technology Reports
Fines Continue, Nothing Changes
Prevention/Enforcement Costs & Challenges
Competition Between International Corporations and the International State
Operational Effectiveness
Identification Principle in Law
Parallel Investigations
Compliance Industry
Good Compliance vs. Bad Compliance